1608-1760
Evolution of Colonial Society under French Rule

Time Period: 1608-1760

Social Phenomenon: Evolution of colonial society under French rule

Students will grasp the perspective and contribution of various actors and describe what happened at the time of New France (C1). And while considering multiple perspectives, students will interpret "The evolution of colonial society under French rule" by explaining relations with France, considering various aspects, and analyzing changes and continuities and causes and consequences (C2).

First Settlements, Mercantilism and Champlain:

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Was 1608 a turning point in Canadian history? " You will learn to describe the first permanent French settlement in Canada, to describe the economic policy of mercantilism, to explain how Champlain strengthened his alliance with First Nation peoples, and to predict the consequences of Champlain’s actions in New France. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Monopolies, Companies, Territories & Empires

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Why are resources important? " You will learn to define ‘monopoly’, describe the role of the chartered companies, define and outline the territory claimed by Europeans, and explain the rivalry of the colonial empires. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

The Fur Trade

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Why are resources important?" You will learn about to Explain how the resource was exploited, to explain the consequences of the fur trade on the territory, and to describe the policy of Mercantilism. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here (Note: See also RECITUS task: Montreal, a fur trade centre)

Religious Orders and Evangelization

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What happens when cultures collide? " You will learn to Describe the religious orders in New France, and to explain evangelization. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Iroquois Wars & Carignan-Salieres soldiers

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What happens when cultures collide? Why do we fight? " You will learn to describe warfare amongst the French, their allies, and the Iroquois, and to judge the impact of the arrival of the Carignan-Salieres regiment. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Absolutism, Royal Government roles. A turning point?

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Was 1663 a turning point in the History of New France? What is required for a society to function?" You will learn to explain the concept of Absolutism (Divine Right of Kings), to describe the importance of the Minister of Marine, and to explain the roles of the Governor, Intendant and the Sovereign Council. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Origins of immigrants, Filles du Roy, Immigration Policies

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Population growth: Why do people move?" You will learn to describe the social and geographic origins of immigrants, to explain the origins and impact of the Filles du Roy, and to explain family and immigration policies. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Seigneurial System, Adaptations, Slavery

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What is required for a society to function?" You will learn to describe the territorial and social organization of a seigneury, to explain the daily life of the peasantry, to explain the adaptation of the peasantry to the conditions in New France, and to describe the significance of slavery on the society of New France. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Economic Diversification, Fur Trade Evolution, Measures Taken

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What is required for a society to function?" You will learn to explain the obstacles to economic diversification, to indicate elements of continuity and change in the fur trade, and to explain the measures taken by the various intendants. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Indigenous Consequences, Great Peace, The Church

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What is required for a society to function?" You will learn to explain the consequences of the society of New France on Indigenous peoples, to explain the Great Peace of 1701, to explain the growing role of the Catholic Church in New France. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection also not yet available.

Note: A related RECITUS task is available at "What does The Great Peace of Montreal teach us about the diplomatic relations with First Nations?"

Intercolonial Wars

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Why do we fight?" You will learn to identify the territory of the colonial empires in the 18th Century after the Treaty of Utrecht, and to describe the causes of the rivalry between the Empires in the Seven Years War. Student site section not yet available. Curated document collection in progress here

Secondary 3

Student texts, resources and activities for Secondary 3 are in the works. Use main time period pages like this one, or the top drop down menus, to look for new pages as they go live. (Note, they may not always match!)

We will be using our document collections and other resources to build site pages for secondary 3 throughout the year.