Questions to ask yourself:
What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans? Why do people fight?
What you will be able to do:
Causes for War
League of Iroquois vs others: Collective Responses and Trade Relationships
War with Iroquois in the north, even into Cree territory
The Nature of War in Indigenous Societies
Different styles of warfare: North vs South for Eastern Woodlands peoples
Iroquois war practices as described by Jesuits
Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec / 52327/2507 via BRÉBEUF, JEAN DE (Échon) – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Investigate notions of torture and prisoners.
Adoption of prisoners, slavery, torture, death
Captives tied for sleeping. While certainly uncomfortable, the elaborate restraints were designed to immobilize, rather than torture, the prisoners. From Joseph-François Lafitau, “Moeurs des Sauvages Amériquains,” 1724. via Bound by Tradition: Prisoner Restraints in the Captive Experience
Wendat and Haudenosaunee: Of prisoners and clans
A Few Video Suggestions
A few videos we have found that could work to go over certain aspects of Indigenous warfare.
Some segments could be useful for certain practices in warfare, while others contain details about relations between tribes and nations.
Please be cautious. Some older videos might reflect a dated perspective, and some images are violent and not suited to younger students. Also note that "Ató:ken" video is in French, provided by Éric-Miguel Leduc, a contributor to our feature section on The Kanien’ké:ha in the St. Lawrence.
Documentary on the History of the Iroquois
Iroquois, A Tribe Who Resisted The French
Ató:ken - La guerre haudenosaunee.
Series armour in an Iroquoian context
Our Main Document Collection
Our main teacher document collection of curated online resources is also available. Please visit all sources to view larger images and to access more information within the intended context of those external sources. Click to open our working collection in a separate window.