Questions to ask yourself:
What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?
What you will be able to do:
Identify the individuals involved in spiritual practices
Explain the role of oral tradition in Indigenous societies.
Describe the sharing of goods and the role of gifts in Indigenous societies.
Engage by discussing images and videos:
What do you think the man at the left of the image was doing?
What role do you think this man had in his tribe?
In our society, does anyone have a similar role?
Different or Similar Cultures elsewhere?
Click to open this section of images below. Click other images to visit a series of related images of similar figures from different cultures. List other possible roles and their equivalents in modern society.
"Healers held vast knowledge of medicinal and herbal plants. Once the plants were in bloom these Healers would go about the forests in search of the desired plants needed to cure disease." Painting by ERNEST SMITH, 2008, via http://libcat.rmsc.org/
Explore Roles of Individuals
The Role of Oral Tradition
The Sharing of Goods and the Role of Gifts
Explore and Investigate the Functioning of Indigenous Societies
Review key question “What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?”
Examine documents and collect information related to oral traditions, how they functioned and the purpose they served.
Examine documents and collect information related to the process of gift-giving, how it functioned and the purpose it served.
Use related pair (s) of documents:
Explain how oral traditions were important to Indigenous societies and cultures.
Explain too how gift-giving worked, and why it was important.
This page is under construction.
Browse available curated document collections, strategies, and other resources below. Note that we are still in the process of confirming the use of certain images and finalizing our curation choices. As always, follow website links for more information and full-sized original media, and compare and be critical of all sources.
View our Main Document Collection for more resources here, or below.