Origins to 1608

Origins to 1608

Social Phenomenon: Experience of Indigenous peoples and the colonization attempts

Students will describe what happened at the time of initial contact between the Indigenous peoples and Europeans (C1), and interpret "The experience of the Indigenous peoples and the colonization attempts" (C2).

Migrations, Indigenous Territories, Social Structures

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Why do people move? and How does geography affect settlement?" You will learn about the Asian migration theory, different Indigenous groups (language groups, nations, etc.) in the present-day territory of Quebec, and about differences in the ways of life and social structures of Indigenous groups. Student site section is now here ➦

Spiritual Practices, Oral Tradition, Goods and Gifts

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?" You will learn about individuals involved in spiritual practices, the role of oral tradition in Indigenous societies, and also the importance of the sharing of goods and the giving of gifts. Student site section is now here ➦

Chiefs, Council of Elders

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?" You will learn to "Identify the role of chiefs, to Explain the process for appointing chiefs, and to Explain the council of elders." Student site section is now here➦

Economic activities, trade networks, waterways

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?" You will learn to "Know the economic activities practised by Indigenous peoples, Describe trade relationships, and Explain the importance of waterways." Student site section is now here➦

Warfare and fate of prisoners

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?" You will learn to "To describe warfare amongst the indigenous groups." and "To explain the fate of prisoners."

Student site section and document collections are under development here ➦

Exploration, fisheries, trade

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What happens when cultures collide?" You will learn to "Explain the causes of European exploration in America; Describe the importance of fisheries and whale hunting; Name the products traded between indigenous peoples and Europeans; and Analyze indigenous perspectives on the arrival of the Europeans."

Student site section and document collections are under development here ➦

Jacques Cartier & Charlesbourg-Royal

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "Was Jacques Cartier a successful colonizer? " You will learn to "Explain the first voyages of Jacques Cartier; and to Judge the success of the settlement Charlesbourg-Royal at Cap-Rouge."

Student site section and document collections are under development here ➦

Rivalry and Alliances

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What happens when cultures collide?" You will learn to "Identify the objects of rivalry between indigenous groups; and Explain the consequences of the system of alliances."

Student site section and document collections are under development here ➦

Colonization Attempts and the 1603 Alliance

Original student texts, materials and student activities considering guiding questions like "What was life like before the arrival of the Europeans?" You will learn to "Identify other French colonization attempts; and Explain the significance of the alliance between the French and indigenous people in 1603."

Student site section and document collections are under development here ➦

Secondary 3

Note that student texts, resources and activities for Secondary 3 are being updated and moved here, where they will appear throughout the year.

Teachers can continue to access versions of our resources not found here at https://www.learnquebec.ca/histquecan_resources.

See also available RECITUS tasks and document collections:

Indigenous territory before the arrival of Europeans Go to site

The Society of the Iroquoians Go to site

The Algonquian Society Go to site